Final project presentation and scientific conference
The final presentation of the project and the scientific conference "Eugene of Savoy and the cities-fortresses of the southeastern border of the Habsburg Monarchy" were held in the conference hall of Stara Pekara in the Osijek Fortress.
Participants of the meeting: Katarina Horvat Levaj, Andrej Žmegač, Ratko Vučetić, Margareta Turkalj Podmanicki, Petar Puhmajer, Vlasta Zajec, Milan Pelc, Radoslav Tomić, Iva Vidović, Ivana Haničar Buljan, Irena Pauk Silli.
19. - 23.4.2023.
Field tour and research of architecture in Italy 1663–1736
Project leader and collaborators on the project Eugen Savoy (1663–1736) and cities - fortresses of the southeastern border of the Habsburg Monarchy visited fortresses, castles and churches in Italy built from 1663 to 1736 in Alessandria, Villanova di Mondovi, Bra, Vallinotto, Torino and Stupinigi.
The meeting of the research group Eugen was held at the Institute of Art history, where they participated: Katarina Horvat-Levaj, project manager and Vladimir Marković, Milan Pelc, Vlasta Zajec,
Ratko Vucetic, Iva Vidović and Ivana Haničar Buljan.
9. - 11.3. 2023.
Katarina Horvat-Levaj and Margareta Turkalj Podmanicki participated in the 69th annual conference of the Renaissance Society of America in San Juan, Puerto Rico with the lecture The Fortress-Towns on the Border between the Habsburg Monarchy and the Ottoman Empire as part of the session The Material Culture of Magnificence in Early Modern Cities sponsored by EAHN (European architectural history network).
Ivana Haničar Buljan and Ratko Vučetić participated in the creating of competition program and in the evaluation of the submitted works at the Competition for the conceptual urban-architectural solution of the defensive area of the Osijek Fortress.
Margareta Turkalj Podmanicki held a presentation entitled
What does Ukrainian architectural heritage mean to us? Notes from a professional trip to Western Ukraine in 2021 at the 5th Congress of Croatian Art Historians.
Workshop in Karlovac
Gradovi-tvrđave jugoistočne granice Habsburške Monarhije
29. - 30.4.2022.
Katarina Horvat-Levaj, Andrej Žmegač, Ratko Vučetić and Ivana Haničar Buljan participated with public presentations at the Night of Fortresses event as a part of the European FORTITUDE project.
27. - 30.4.2022.
Petar Puhmajer, Margareta Turkalj Podmanicki and Dina Stober
participated in the 5th international congress on rural tourism - Rural tourism: quality, sustainability, inclusion in Cavtat, with the presentation The Architecture of Winemaking: 18th-Century Wine Cellars on Manorial Estates in Eastern Croatia.
23. - 24.9.2021.
Ratko Vučetić Ratko participated in the international scientific meeting Ljubo Karaman - fifty years later with a presentation on the Fortification of the cities of continental Croatia and the identity of the region.
23. - 30.8.2021.
Field tour and research of Vauban's fortresses in France and Belgium
Collaborators on the project Eugene of Savoy (1663–1736) and fortress cities of the southeastern border of the Habsburg Monarchy conducted field research of fortress cities on the border areas of France, Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands. All members of the research group got acquainted with the fortresses designed by Vauban in the 17th century for the French king Louis XIV, as well as with other fortresses and with public, military and sacred architecture within border towns. The differences between the French and the Dutch type of bastion fortifications, relevant to the fortresses of Eugene of Savoy in the southeastern part of the Habsburg Monarchy, are investigated. Especially important for the theme of the project were Neuf Brisach, Luneville, Luxembourg, Longwy, Lille, Rocroi, Namur, Rastatt, Bergen op Zoom, etc. Photographs were taken from the ground and from the air.
05. - 12.6.2021.
Field tour and research of fortified castles in Ukraine
Project leader and collaborators Eugen Savoy (1663–1736) and cities - fortresses of the southeastern border of the Habsburg Monarchy - Katarina Horvat-Levaj, Margareta Turkalj Podmanicki, Ivana Haničar Buljan and Paolo Mofardin investigated castles with bastion fortifications in western Ukraine (former Poland -Lithuanian Union). These are comparative examples of the castle of Eugene of Savoy in Bilje, of which the one in the Zbaraš settlement (project by Vincenzo Scamozzi) is a prototype for this type of castle. The castles (Pidhirtsi, Zolochiv, etc.) were also photographed.
10. - 12.6.2021.
Katarina Horvat Levaj and Margareta Turkalj Podmanicki
participated in the international symposium in Naples “La Città
Palinsesto/the City as palimpsest”, organised by the Centro
Interdipartimentale di ricerca sull' iconography della Città europea in the Università degli stud Napoli Federico II from 10 to 12 June 2021.
The lectures titled “Eugene of Savoy (1663-1736) and the Fortress cities on the border between the Habsburg Monarchy and the Ottoman Empire” and “Motifs of Atlas and Hercules on Baroque portals in the Habsburg Monarchy” were prepared as part of the work on project EUGEN.
21. - 22.3.2021.
As part of the activities on the project Ratko Vucetic, Petar Puhmajer
and Ivan Haničar Buljan visited Vinkovci and Osijek Fortress on
March 21 and 22 and conducted research for the purpose of creating
scientific work on housing architecture in the Osijek Fortress
from the 18 th century.
The meeting of the research group Eugen was held at the Institute of Art history, where they participated: Katarina Horvat-Levaj, project manager and Andrej Zmegac, Milan Pelc, Vlasta Zajec,
Ratko Vucetic, Petar Puhmajer, Margareta Turkalj Podmanicki,
Zlatko Uzelac and Ivana Haničar Buljan.
13. and 21.1.2021.
The project's associates, Katarina Horvat-Levaj, Ivana Haničar Buljan, Ratko Vučetić, PhD's candidates Iva Vidović and Mihaela Tikvica and photographer Paolo Mofardin, have toured the areas of Banovina – Žažina, Sela kod Siska, Hrvatski čuntić, Gora, Petrinja, Sisak, Glina and Pokupsko. The aim of field visits on 13 and 21 January 2021 was to investigate the border fortresses and sacral architecture and to see the situation found and document the damage to the architectural heritage after the earthquake on 29 December 2020.
23. - 25.9.2020.
Within the framework of the project Zlatko Uzelac conducted archival
research in the State Archives in Osijek from 23 to 25 September 2020
for the purpose of preparing and publishing scientific paper.
23.9. and 13.10.2020.
Ratko Vučetić and Ivana Haničar Buljan participated in the workshop on September 23, and, October 13, 2020 on the elaboration of the Strategic Action Plan of the Osijek Fortress, as invited members of the expert group “Architecture and Urban planning”
17. - 18.9.2020.
Andrej Žmegač participated with the presentation “Castle Bilje, Eugen of Savoy and hunting” at the scientific coference “Baranja through history” held in Osijek on September 17 and 18.
In his presentation he analyzed aspects of such a historical use of thecastle, based on (scarce) written data, and then using the reading of the concept of the building itself. In an argument on the possible
hunting purpose of the castle, a valid context will provide an
understanding of the hunting during baroque times as a social event, and then an indication of the corresponding cases of other Eugen
castles, for example some in Austria and Hungary.
Margareta Turkalj Podmanicki was in Zagreb for the archival research conducted in the State Archives in Zagreb for the purpose of the project.
26. - 31.7.2020.
During her stay in Vienna, Vlasta Zajec investigated the sources available in Fachbereichsbibliothek für Kunstgeschichte. During her stay in the field she documented selected baroque churches and public monuments, with emphasis on the sculptures of St. John of Nepomuk, a sacred monument to the Holy Trinity on Graben and a sculpture in the gardens of the Belvedere castle. The research covered several topics within the framework of the project, with a focus on the specifics of the Habsburg iconography and typology of the public monuments of St. John of Nepomuk and the monument of the Most Holy Trinity.
8 Nov. 2019
At a scientific conference with international participation in Poreč, the following presentations were held: Andrej Žmegač: Platform for the Cartography of Pannonian Cities, and Ratko Vučetić: Urban Transformation of Varaždin and Osijek in the Sixteenth Century. Zlatko Uzelac also gave a presentation. The scientific meeting was organized to mark the centenary of the birth of the co-founder of the Institute of Art History, Professor Milan Prelog (1919 - 1988), and the topics of the presentation were devoted to city research.
6 Nov. 2019
At the public presentation of the project held at the Institute of Art History, the project leader Dr Katarina Horvat-Levaj presented the results in the first year of the project. All the planned results were achieved, from field and archival research, through participation at scientific conferences, to the publication of scientific works (articles and books). The results of the research and an insight into the complete body of the city-fortresses built at the time of Eugene of Savoy indicated the need to broaden the subject from the city-fortresses in Croatia and Vojvodina, as originally planned, to the city-fortresses along the entire former border of the Habsburg Monarchy, which included Serbia, Hungary and Romania. The artistic connections in the design of the cities, fortifications, public, administrative, military and religious architecture, arising from the joint contracting authorities - Eugene of Savoy and the Vienna Court, and retaining the same architects and engineers on mutually distant fortresses, proved to be much stronger than previously assumed. Encouragement for this much more extensive research is also the fact that this topic is relatively poorly researched or almost completely unknown in the other respective countries.
28 Oct. 2019
During his stay in Vienna, Academician Radoslav Tomić identified the palaces in which Prince Eugene of Savoy lived and worked, and in which he amassed his famous collections. The study trip included research in libraries and archives.
7 Oct. 2019
On a tour of the city-fortresses from the time of Eugene of Savoy in Hungary and Romania (Szeged, Arad, Timisoara, Alba Iulia, Oradea, Sibiu), all the members of the research group were acquainted with the topics they would cover. Particular attention was paid to Timisoara and Alba Iulia, as the most important fortresses in the area and important comparative examples for the city-fortresses in Croatia. Photographic recording and architectural mapping were performed.
2 Sept. 2019
Katarina Horvat-Levaj and Margareta Turkalj Podmanicki visited Budapest for research at the Scientific Library and the State Archives. The subject of research was architects and builders engaged in the construction of the Palace of the Slavonian General Command in Osijek. The research results were incorporated in the scientific monograph they authored, Palace of the Slavonian General Command in Tvrđa in Osijek, published by the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts.
29 Aug. 2019
The Suburbium Association from Novi Sad, within the framework of the Central European Initiative (CEI), organized the international conference Fortress of Tomorrow in Petrovaradin. The main lecturer and moderator was Zlatko Uzelac. Ratko Vučetić and Ivana Haničar Buljan gave a lecture entitled Tvrđa - Fortress in Osijek: The problems of Revitalization. Other lectures were also about the revitalization of city-fortresses in Europe and were delivered by experts from Romania, the Czech Republic, Italy, Germany, Ukraine, Poland, Italy and Serbia. The discussion and conclusions of the conference will certainly contribute to the further exploration, valorisation and reconstruction of the city-fortresses in Europe
1-9 Aug. 2019
Andrej Zmegač, Zlatko Uzelac, Katarina Horvat-Levaj and Margareta Turkalj Podmanicki conducted archival research in the State Archives in Croatia. In cooperation with foreign archivists, documentation from the National Archives in Vienna was studied. New material was found on military engineers and architects engaged on the forts, as well as new plans and projects.
5 July 2019
Within the framework of the Osijek Summer, the scientific monograph by Margareta Turkalj Podmanicki, Baroque Religious Architecture in the Osijek-Đakovo Archdiocese was promoted, published by the ArTresor Publishing House and the Institute of Art History
4 June 2019
On a tour of the city-fortresses from the time of Eugene of Savoy in Serbia (Petrovaradin, Belgrade, Pančevo), all the members of the research group were acquainted with the topics they would be covering. Contacts were made with the project consultant Dubravka Djukanović in Novi Sad. Photographic recording and architectural mapping were performed.
2 June 2019
Milan Pelc went on a study visit to Vienna to explore the iconography of Prince Eugene of Savoy, especially in the context of his war conquests and the construction of new military architecture. He gave a lecture on this at the final presentation of the project.
19 Marc 2019
At the joint field research in Slavonia, all the members of the research group were acquainted with the key city-fortresses from the time of Eugene of Savoy in Croatia: Stara Gradiška, Slavonski Brod and Osijek. Investigations were also carried out in the fortified manor of Eugene of Savoy in Bilje, and in the family seat of the commander of the Osijek fortress Maximilian Petrasch in Cernik. Photographic recording and architectural mapping were performed.
1 Marc 2019
At the first joint field research of all the members of the research group, Karlovac was surveyed as a prototype of the planned Renaissance city-fortress, to which the Baroque city-fortress of Novi Karlovac (Orlica) was to have been added at the time of Eugene of Savoy. The remains of the unfinished fortress were photographed by drone.
19 Feb. 2019
At the initial meeting of all the members of the project research group, held at the Institute of Art History, the details of the work plan were agreed on. Particular focus was placed on joint field surveys of city-fortresses from the time of Prince Eugene of Savoy (1663–1736), which formed the border of the Habsburg Monarchy to the Ottoman Empire, and which are today on the territories of Croatia, Serbia, Hungary and Romania. A plan for archival research, architectural surveying and photographic recording was also adopted.